In Allstate Insurance Company v. United Services Automobile Association, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D2144a (Fla. 4th DCA Sept. 16, 2015), the 4th DCA reversed a trial court’s order granting USAA’s motion for summary judgment. The 4th DCA held that USAA could not be the prevailing party on a motion for summary judgment wherein the trial court’s order was inconsistent with the initial pleadings filed by USAA.
This action arises from a 2007 motor vehicle accident involving a permissive driver of a car owned by another person. The car’s owner had State Farm insurance with a policy that provided $100,000 in coverage. The owner also had an Allstate umbrella policy that provided $1,000,000 in coverage but required the owner to maintain underlying limits of $250,000 per person. USAA provided uninsured motorist coverage to the injured driver.
State Farm tendered its $100,000 policy limits. Allstate denied coverage due to the failure to provide the $250,000 limits. As a result, the injured driver filed a complaint against her UM carrier, USAA. USAA filed a third party complaint bringing in Allstate and sought a declaration that Allstate’s umbrella policy applied before USAA’s UM policy.
USAA’s complaint specifically asked the trial court to find that Allstate stood in line before USAA’s UM coverage. USAA then moved for summary judgment. Allstate responded that the car owner’s failure to carry the $250,000 limit created a coverage gap of $150,000. Allstate argued that the gap triggered USAA’s UM policy as $150,000 would be uninsured.
At the motion for summary judgment hearing, USAA admitted that there was a $150,000 gap that would be covered by the USAA policy. USAA changed its argument that the priority dispute arose only after USAA bridged the gap. Allstate agreed with that position and therefore asked that the trial court deny the motion for summary judgment because the relief initially requested by USAA was diametrically opposed to the current position USAA had taken at the hearing.
The trial court entered an order granting USAA’s summary judgment motion but made the finding that USAA must bridge the $150,000 gap, the Allstate policy would then kick in, with USAA’s remaining UM policy covering any excess. Allstate argued that granting the summary judgment effectively made USAA the prevailing party, when the judgment was actually adverse to USAA’s allegations and its motion for summary judgment.
The 4th DCA reversed the trial court’s order and stated that USAA had not met its burden of proving that it was entitled to the relief it requested based upon the pleadings filed and therefore, having received relief different than what it sought, the motion for summary judgment could not be granted. A party cannot claim victory when it receives the opposite of the relief it initially requested.
Insurance -- Automobile liability -- Uninsured motorist -- Excess coverage -- Priority of coverage -- Accident involving permissive driver of car owned by another, following which owner's liability insurer tendered its $100,000 policy limits to injured party and injured party sought coverage from its UM carrier after injured party had unsuccessfully sought payment from owner's excess liability carrier, which required that owner maintain underlying limits of $250,000 per person -- Trial court erred in granting summary judgment in favor of UM carrier on its third-party claim against excess carrier where UM carrier asserted throughout litigation that excess carrier's umbrella policy came first after owner's liability policy, and that UM policy was last in priority, but trial court actually held that UM carrier was responsible for $150,000 gap between limit of owner's automobile liability policy and the $250,000 threshold at which excess coverage was triggered -- UM carrier could not claim victory on ground that it requested a generic priority of coverage determination and received what it requested where the priority determination was, in fact, the opposite of what UM carrier sought
ALLSTATE INSURANCE COMPANY, Appellant, v. UNITED SERVICES AUTOMOBILE ASSOCIATION a/k/a USAA, MELANIE MANZO-PIANELLI and ALANA PROCTOR, Appellees. 4th District. Case No. 4D14-1183. September 16, 2015. Appeal from the Circuit Court for the Seventeenth Judicial Circuit, Broward County; Michael L. Gates, Judge; L.T. Case No. 09-57134CACE(12). Counsel: Sharon C. Degnan of Kubicki Draper, Fort Lauderdale, for appellant. Charles M-P George of Law Offices of Charles M-P George, Coral Gables, and Christopher Wadsworth and Daniel L. Margrey of Wadsworth Huott, LLP, Miami, for appellee United Services Automobile Association a/k/a USAA.
(MAY, J.) Allstate Insurance Company (“Allstate”) appeals a final summary judgment in favor of United Services Automobile Association (“USAA”) that determined the priority of coverage between the insurers. Allstate argues the trial court erred in entering summary judgment for USAA because its pleadings and motion requested a priority in coverage different than that argued at the hearing and determined by the trial court. We agree the trial court correctly determined the priority of coverage, but that did not entitle USAA to a summary judgment in its favor. We therefore reverse.
The underlying accident occurred in 2007 when the permissive driver of a car owned by another was involved in an automobile accident. The car's owner had a State Farm insurance policy that provided $100,000 in coverage, and an Allstate umbrella policy that provided $1,000,000 in coverage and required the owner to maintain underlying limits of $250,000 per person. USAA provided uninsured motorist's (“UM”) coverage to the injured person.
State Farm tendered its $100,000 policy limits to the injured person, who executed a partial release in favor of the car owner. The injured person then sought to recover from the car owner's Allstate umbrella policy. Allstate denied coverage.
As a result, the injured person filed a complaint against her UM insurer, USAA. This caused USAA to file a third-party complaint against Allstate, the injured person, and the permissive driver. The complaint sought a declaration that Allstate's umbrella policy applied before USAA's UM policy.1
USAA filed a second amended complaint “to determine the legal rights and responsibilities of all parties; to determine the priority of coverage; and to determine any applicable offsets.” USAA alleged that:
(1) Allstate stands in line before USAA's UM coverage; and
(2) USAA seeks a declaration that the priority of coverage should be Allstate first and USAA last.
Allstate answered and asserted affirmative defenses, moved to dismiss, and counterclaimed for declaratory relief.2
USAA moved for summary judgment against Allstate, and argued that Allstate's umbrella policy provided coverage before USAA's UM policy. Allstate responded that the car owner's failure to carry the required $250,000 limits in underlying coverage created a $150,000 gap in liability coverage, and that gap was uninsured, thereby triggering USAA's UM policy.3 Allstate asked the court to deny USAA's motion for summary judgment.
Notwithstanding its consistent position throughout the litigation that Allstate's policy applied before USAA's policy, USAA admitted at the summary judgment hearing that its policy provided coverage for the $150,000 gap before Allstate's umbrella policy kicked in:
[W]e believe that State Farm, who was the underlying tortfeasor's auto policy, is the first hundred thousand dollars. Thereafter, there's a gap in coverage from that $100,000 up to $250,000. We believe that the UM carrier, which is USAA, bridges that gap because there is no other available coverage. Doesn't exist. After $250,000, Allstate's umbrella policy kicks in.
USAA then argued that the priority dispute arose only after USAA bridged the $150,000 gap.
Not surprisingly, Allstate agreed with USAA's position at the hearing, but maintained that USAA had changed its position on priority from the relief sought in its complaint and in its motion for summary judgment. Allstate was happy the parties agreed on priority, but asked the court to deny the summary judgment motion because it had requested relief that was diametrically opposed to the position USAA now took at the hearing:
[W]hen you rule on a summary judgment motion and you enter a judgment, it's based on the pleadings and the motions as filed. . . . So, in light of that fact, there is no question that what they're asking for in their declaration, the priority of coverage finding that they're asking in their pleading and their motion, they're not entitled to. So, I also have a proposed order that I can hand to the Court.
Both parties submitted their proposed orders. The court later entered an order granting USAA's summary judgment motion, making the following findings on the priority of insurance coverage:
1) State Farm - $00.00 to $100,000.00
2) USAA - $100,000.01 to $249,999.99
3) Allstate - $250,000 to $1,250,000.00
4) USAA - Remainder Policy UM
From this summary judgment, Allstate now appeals.
We have de novo review. Volusia Cnty. v. Aberdeen at Ormond Beach, L.P., 760 So. 2d 126, 130 (Fla. 2000).
Allstate argues the trial court erred in granting summary judgment for USAA, thereby effectively making USAA the prevailing party, when the judgment was adverse to USAA's allegations and its motion for summary judgment. USAA had requested a declaration that Allstate's umbrella policy stood in line before USAA's UM policy, but the court determined that USAA's policy stood in line before Allstate's policy. It could not therefore be the prevailing party.
USAA responds that the significant issue here was the priority of the insurance policies. USAA claims it requested a generic priority determination and prevailed on the issue when it received a declaration prioritizing the policies. Allstate replies that USAA inaccurately describes the relief it sought. The court's priority determination was exactly the opposite of that which USAA sought.
The issue is whether a party can claim victory when it receives exactly the opposite relief than it requested. The answer is no. See, e.g., Village of Kings Creek Condo. Ass'n v. Goldberg, 596 So. 2d 1195, 1196 (Fla. 3d DCA 1992).
Throughout the third-party litigation, USAA asserted that Allstate's umbrella policy came first after the State Farm policy, and USAA's UM policy came after Allstate. Not once in its pleadings or motion did USAA argue it was responsible for covering the $150,000 gap in coverage between the State Farm and Allstate umbrella policy.See VonDrasek v. City of St. Petersburg, 777 So. 2d 989, 991 (Fla. 2d DCA 2000) (“Pleadings are intended, in part, to disclose each party's respective position on the legal issues involved in the lawsuit.”). The court did not grant USAA the relief it requested; USAA could not be the prevailing party. Granoff v. Seidle, 915 So. 2d 674, 677 (Fla. 5th DCA 2005).
Because USAA did not meet its burden of proving it was entitled to the relief requested as a matter of law, the trial court erred in entering summary judgment for USAA. See Fla. R. Civ. P. 1.510(c); see also Bryson v. Branch Banking & Trust Co., 75 So. 3d 783, 785 (Fla. 2d DCA 2011). We therefore reverse the summary judgment and remand the case for proceedings consistent with this opinion.
Reversed and Remanded. (KLINGENSMITH, J., and ROBY, WILLIAM L., Associate Judge, concur.)
1. In July 2012, the injured person amended her complaint to add a cause of action against the permissive driver, but no one sued the car's owner.
2. During the third-party complaint litigation, USAA moved for attorney's fees and costs as a sanction, pursuant to section 57.105, Florida Statutes (2014).
3. Allstate also argued that it did not have coverage under its umbrella policy because neither the car's owner nor his estate was ever named in the action.