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In Eller-I.T.O. Stevedoring Company, L.L.C. v. Pandolfo, 40 Fla. L. Weekly D999a (Fla. 3d DCA Apr. 29, 2015), the 3d DCA granted certiorari and quashed the order of the trial court permitting the respondent, Pandolfo, to depose the in-house attorney, Trevor Arnold, of Eller-I.T.O. upon a finding that Pandolfo had failed to meet the requisite burden set forth under Shelton v. American Motors Corp., 805 F. 2d 1323 (8th Cir. 1986) to justify taking the deposition of an opposing attorney.


In reviewing the trial court's order, the 3d DCA affirmed that Florida courts have adopted the doctrine of Shelton v. American Motors Corp., which limits a party from taking the deposition of an opposing attorney except where it has been shown that (1) no other means exist to obtain the information sought, (2) the information is relevant and non-privileged and (3) the information is crucial to the preparation of the case.

Pandolfo argued that Shelton did not apply because attorney Arnold was not counsel of record for Eller-I.T.O. The 3d DCA rejected this argument, noting that the critical factor determining the applicability of Shelton is the opposing attorney's level of involvement in the case, not whether the attorney has appeared as counsel of record. The 3d DCA held that Pandolfo was required to satisfy the Shelton burden because the record clearly demonstrated that Eller-I.T.O.'s in-house counsel had been directly involved in overseeing Eller-I.T.O.'s response to the incident giving rise to Pandolfo's claim.



This summary was prepared by Aaron Eagan of our firm.

Aaron Eagan



40 Fla. L. Weekly D999a


Civil procedure -- Discovery -- Deposition of opposing counsel -- Order compelling litigant's in-house attorney, who is not the attorney of record but is directly involved in the litigation, to be deposed, is quashed because respondents failed to satisfy case law requirements for taking deposition of opposing counsel

ELLER-I.T.O. STEVEDORING COMPANY, L.L.C., Petitioner, v. LAZARO PANDOLFO and OLGA ALVAREZ a/k/a Olga Alvarez Sarria, Respondents. 3rd District. Case No. 3D14-2904. L.T. Case No. 13-4180. April 29, 2015. A Writ of Certiorari to the Circuit Court for Miami-Dade County, Lisa Walsh, Judge. Counsel: Hamilton, Miller & Birthisel, Jerry D. Hamilton, Robert M. Oldershaw and Michael J. Dono, for petitioner. Dorta Law, Matias R. Dorta and Gonzalo R. Dorta, for respondents.


(WELLS, Judge.) Eller-I.T.O. Stevedoring Co., L.L.C. ("Eller-ITO") seeks certiorari review of an order compelling one of its in-house attorneys, Timothy J. Armstrong, to be deposed by the respondents. Because we find no record basis for ordering this Eller-ITO attorney to appear for deposition, we grant certiorari and quash without prejudice the order under review. See State v. Donaldson, 763 So. 2d 1252, 1255 (Fla. 3d DCA 2000) (granting certiorari and quashing order compelling opposing counsel to sit for deposition); see also Scottsdale Ins. Co. v. Camara de Comercio Latino-Americana de los Estados Unidos, Inc., 813 So. 2d 250, 252 (Fla. 3d DCA 2002) (citing Donaldson, granting certiorari and quashing order that denied motion for protective order and compelled opposing counsel to appear for deposition).

In Donaldson, this court, citing in part to Shelton v. American Motors Corp., 805 F. 2d 1323, 1327 (8th Cir. 1986), stated "[t]aking the deposition of opposing counsel in a pending case is an extraordinary step which will be rarely justified." Donaldson, 763 So. 2d at 1254. As Shelton (where the deposition of an in-house attorney was at issue) confirms, such depositions "should be limited to where the party seeking to take the deposition has shown that (1) no other means exist to obtain the information than to depose opposing counsel; (2) the information sought is relevant and non-privileged; and (3) the information is crucial to the preparation of the case." Shelton, 805 F. 2d at 1327 (citation omitted); see also Zimmerman v. State, 114 So. 3d 446, 447 (Fla. 5th DCA 2013) ("Because of a belief that the discovery process was being abused, the Shelton test was erected as a barrier to protect trial attorneys from unnecessary depositions.").

The record in this case confirms that attorney Armstrong, although not counsel of record, is directly involved in the instant litigation having both directed and overseen "various aspects of Eller-ITO's investigation of the accident on which [respondents] . . . premised their allegations and claims sub judice, as well as [having] prepar[ed] and receiv[ed] documentation [including attorney-client privileged communications and work product documents] related to the investigation," thereby obligating respondents to satisfy Shelton's requirements before being allowed to take his deposition. See Broughton v. Cotter Corp., 65 F. 3d 823, 828-31 (10th Cir. 1995) (precluding the deposition of outside counsel because of the extent of that attorney's role in representing the party); Nat'l W. Life Ins. Co. v. W. Nat'l Life Ins. Co., No. A-09-CA-711, 2010 WL 5174366, at *3 (W.D. Tex. Dec. 13, 2010) ("[T]he critical factor in determining whether the Shelton test applies is not the status of the lawyer as 'trial counsel,' but the extent of the lawyer's involvement in the pending litigation.") (quoting Murphy v. Adelphia Recovery Trust, No. 3-09-MC-105-B, 2009 WL 4755368, at *3 (N.D. Tex. Nov. 3, 2009))); Massillon Mgmt., LLC v. Americold Realty Trust, No. 5:08-CV-799, 2009 WL 614831, at *3-6 (N.D. Ohio Jan. 21, 2009) (holding that in-house counsel who was working with outside counsel to assist in developing strategy, taking discovery, and assisting in defending an action was not subject to being deposed because the criteria set forth in Shelton had not been satisfied) (citing Nationwide Mut. Ins. Co. v. Home Ins. Co., 278 F. 3d 621, 628 (6th Cir. 2002) as having adopted Shelton)). Because respondents failed to satisfy Shelton's requirements, we grant the petition for writ of certiorari and quash the lower court's order without prejudice.

Certiorari granted.

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