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In Allen v. State Farm, 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1902a (Fla. 2d DCA Aug. 17, 2016), the insureds sued their insurer. During the pendency of the lawsuit, the insureds filed a petition for a writ of certiorari in the appellate court. The appellate court granted certiorari relief and the insureds then sought an award of appellate attorney's fees conditioned upon prevailing in the trial court.

The 2d DCA held the statute which requires that attorney's fees shall be awarded to insureds prevailing in an action against their insurer also includes appellate attorney's fees incurred in a proceeding by the insureds seeking certiorari relief. The plain language of the statute states that insureds shall be awarded attorney's fees if they prevail in an appeal. According to the appellate court, an appeal is not limited to an appeal from a final judgment. It also includes a proceeding for certiorari relief.


This summary was prepared by Cliff Acord of our firm.

Cliff Acord



41 Fla. L. Weekly D1902a


Attorney's fees -- Appellate -- Insurance -- Insured prevailing in action against insurer -- Attorney's fees may be awarded under section 627.428 for services in appellate court, whether proceeding is direct appeal or petition for writ of certiorari -- Insureds' amended motion for attorney's fees incurred in certiorari proceedings granted, conditioned upon their ultimately prevailing in trial court

WAYNE ALLEN and SUSAN ALLEN, Petitioners, v. STATE FARM FLORIDA INSURANCE COMPANY, Respondent. 2nd District. Case No. 2D15-3114. Opinion filed August 17, 2016. Petition for Writ of Certiorari to the Circuit Court for Pasco County; Kimberly Sharpe Byrd, Judge. Counsel: George A. Vaka and Richard N. Asfar of Vaka Law Group, P.L., Tampa, and Kenneth C. Thomas and Barbara M. Hernando of Marshall Thomas P.L., Tampa, for Petitioners. Scot E. Samis of Traub Lieberman Straus & Shrewsberry LLP, St. Petersburg, for Respondent.


(SILBERMAN, Judge.) Upon consideration of Petitioners' Motion for Rehearing or, Alternatively, Clarification of Order Denying Petitioners' Amended Motion for Attorney's Fees filed by Wayne and Susan Allen and the response filed by State Farm Florida Insurance Company to that motion for rehearing, we grant the Allens' motion to the following extent. We vacate our previous order of June 10, 2016, that denies the Allens' amended motion for appellate attorney's fees and enter this order that conditionally grants appellate attorney's fees to the Allens as explained below.

This court granted certiorari relief to the Allens in Allen v. State Farm Florida Insurance Co., 41 Fla. L. Weekly D1389 (Fla. 2d DCA June 10, 2016). The Allens sought appellate attorney's fees conditioned upon their prevailing in the trial court on remand on the basis of section 627.428(1), Florida Statutes (2010). Section 627.428(1) provides as follows:

(1) Upon the rendition of a judgment or decree by any of the courts of this state against an insurer and in favor of any named or omnibus insured or the named beneficiary under a policy or contract executed by the insurer, the trial court or, in the event of an appeal in which the insured or beneficiary prevails, the appellate court shall adjudge or decree against the insurer and in favor of the insured or beneficiary a reasonable sum as fees or compensation for the insured's or beneficiary's attorney prosecuting the suit in which the recovery is had.

(Emphasis added.) State Farm contended that the Allens were not entitled to a provisional grant of fees because the proceeding was not an appeal but a petition for writ of certiorari, relying upon Grider-Garcia v. State Farm Mutual Automobile, 14 So. 3d 1120 (Fla. 5th DCA 2009). In Grider-Garcia, the Fifth District determined that an appellate court was unauthorized to grant fees under section 627.428(1) when the insured was not the prevailing party before the appellate court. Id. at 1122. In doing so, the Fifth District stated as follows:

Given the courts' narrow interpretation of the language of section 627.428, it appears that this Court is not authorized to grant fees to an insured who does not succeed in his or her application for certiorari. Indeed, it is doubtful that an insured would even be entitled to fees for a certiorari proceeding in which it prevails based on the interpretation of the statute that appellate courts are authorized to award fees only for an appeal that the insured wins.

Id. (emphasis added). State Farm readily concedes that the emphasized language above is dicta, but asserts that we should rely upon it, along with the general proposition that section 627.428(1) is to be strictly construed. See Brass & Singer, P.A. v. United Auto. Ins. Co., 944 So. 2d 252, 254 (Fla. 2006) (determining that "under the plain language of section 627.428(1), an appellate court may not award attorney's fees to an insured unless the insured prevails on appeal").

Rather than rely on the dicta in Grider-Garcia, we follow the explicit holding of the Florida Supreme Court in Home Insurance Co. v. Drescher, 220 So. 2d 902, 903 (Fla. 1969).1 There, the court considered the predecessor of section 627.428, section 627.0127, which had been amended in 1967 to add the language at issue here providing for fees to an insured who prevails on appeal. See id. (citing ch. 67-400, Laws of Fla.). Our supreme court clearly stated, "[W]e hold that attorneys' fees may be awarded under the amended statute for services in the appellate court, whether on direct appeal or in certiorari proceedings, in all cases where the notice of appeal is filed subsequent to July 27, 1967." Id. The Florida Supreme Court has continued to approve fee awards under section 627.428(1) in certiorari proceedings. See Advanced Chiropractic & Rehab. Ctr., Corp. v. United Auto. Ins. Co., 140 So. 3d 529, 536-37 (Fla. 2014) (holding that a motion for attorney's fees pursuant to section 627.428(1) that was filed six days after the appellate court granted certiorari relief was timely and remanding for a determination of the amount of attorney's fees to which the insured was entitled).

To allow fees in the appellate court whether the proceeding is a direct appeal or a petition for writ of certiorari also comports with the purpose of the statute. "[T]he purpose of section 627.428 is to discourage insurers from contesting valid claims and to reimburse successful insureds for their attorney's fees when they are compelled to defend or sue to enforce their policy rights." Liberty Nat'l Life Ins. Co. v. Bailey ex rel. Bailey, 944 So. 2d 1028, 1030 (Fla. 2d DCA 2006); see also Pawtucket Mut. Ins. Co. v. Manganelli, 3 So. 3d 421, 423 (Fla. 4th DCA 2009) (recognizing that the purpose of section 627.428 is to penalize an insurer for wrongfully requiring its insured to litigate to resolve a conflict). If the purpose of the statute is to be achieved, it is illogical to grant fees to a successful insured who files a direct appeal but to deny fees to a successful insured who files a certiorari petition.

Therefore, we vacate our prior order of June 10, 2016, that denies attorney's fees. We grant the Allens' amended motion for attorney's fees in an amount to be set by the trial court, conditioned upon the Allens ultimately prevailing in the trial court. (LaROSE and LUCAS, JJ., Concur.)


1. And, of course, it has long been recognized that a district court's decision cannot overrule a decision by the Florida Supreme Court. See Hoffman v. Jones, 280 So. 2d 431, 440 (Fla. 1973).

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